Dez 182020

For the young writer, who had fiercely boasted in college about his talents, the success he had seemingly craved early in life became something he ran away from once it came. [43] Salinger blamed Burnett for the book's failure to see print, and the two became estranged. The couple was together for a little more than a decade and had two children together, Margaret and Matthew. In Salinger's novel, Caulfield is 16 years old, wandering the streets of New York after being expelled from his private school; the California book features a 76-year-old man, "Mr. C", musing on having escaped his nursing home. His short stories, many of which appeared in The New Yorker, inspired the early careers of writers such as Phillip Roth, John Updike and Harold Brodkey. Chaplin squatting grey and nude, atop his chiffonier, swinging his thyroid around his head by his bamboo cane, like a dead rat. Además de los ya mencionados, escribió también algunos relatos más largos, de una extensión que oscila entre el cuento y la novela, que son otras tantas obras maestras de ambigüedad y extrañamiento, como Levantad, carpinteros, la viga del tejado (1963). [162] As well as Idries Shah, Salinger also read the Taoist philosopher Lao Tse and the Hindu Swami Vivekananda who introduced the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western world. [135][146] Ian Hamilton adheres to this view, arguing that while Salinger's early stories for the "slicks" boasted "tight, energetic" dialogue, they had also been formulaic and sentimental. American short-story writer and novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald is known for his turbulent personal life and his famous novel 'The Great Gatsby.'. Romare Bearden is considered one of the most important American artists of the 20th century. After a flurry of articles and critical reviews of the story appeared in the press, the publication date was pushed back repeatedly before apparently being cancelled altogether. [133] Predating VCRs, Salinger had an extensive collection of classic movies from the 1940s in 16 mm prints. October 20, 2011. CNN's Jake Tapper reports. He seemed to lose interest in fiction as an art form—perhaps he thought there was something manipulative or inauthentic about literary device and authorial control. Salinger was an influential 20th-century American writer. [76] He became an adherent of Ramakrishna's Advaita Vedanta Hinduism, which advocated celibacy for those seeking enlightenment, and detachment from human responsibilities such as family. Colting remains free to sell the book in other international territories without fear of interference. Hij worstelde om op school te passen, maar hij was erg geïnteresseerd in drama. [13][24], In 1942, Salinger started dating Oona O'Neill, daughter of the playwright Eugene O'Neill. Salinger was born February 13, 1960 in Windsor, Vermont, the son of author J. D. Salinger and psychologist Alison Claire Douglas. [8][14] In 1939, Salinger attended the Columbia University School of General Studies in Manhattan, where he took a writing class taught by Whit Burnett, longtime editor of Story magazine. amerikai prózaíró, aki 1951-es The Catcher in the Rye című regényével vált világhírűvé. Early life. [33], Salinger was assigned to a counter-intelligence unit also known as the Ritchie Boys for which he used his proficiency in French and German to interrogate prisoners of war. In 1961, the critic Alfred Kazin explained that Salinger's choice of teenagers as a subject matter was one reason for his appeal to young readers, but another was "a consciousness [among youths] that he speaks for them and virtually to them, in a language that is peculiarly honest and their own, with a vision of things that capture their most secret judgments of the world. URL consultato il 2 luglio 2007 (archiviato dall'url originale il 28 ottobre 2009). Hoffman & Company, empresa que se dedicaba a la importación de carnes y quesos europeos. J. D. Salinger, best known for his controversial novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951), is recognized by critics and readers alike as one of the most popular and influential authors of American fiction during the second half of the twentieth century. Chapman's main motive was his frustration with John Lennon's lifestyle and public statements, as well as delusions he suffered related to Holden Caulfield. [120], In 1996, Salinger gave a small publisher, Orchises Press, permission to publish "Hapworth 16, 1924," the uncollected novella. She was born in 1911 and died in 2001. Upon returning home, he made another attempt at college, this time at Ursinus College in Pennsylvania, before coming back to New York and taking night classes at Columbia University. "[131], In 1999, 25 years after the end of their relationship, Joyce Maynard auctioned a series of letters Salinger had written her. [51] When Brigitte Bardot wanted to buy the rights to "A Perfect Day for Bananafish", Salinger refused the request, but told his friend, Lillian Ross, longtime staff writer for The New Yorker, "She's a cute, talented, lost enfante, and I'm tempted to accommodate her, pour le sport. [citation needed], In 1947, the author submitted a short story titled simply "The Bananafish" to The New Yorker. Mr. Salinger is almost equally famous for having elevated privacy to an art form. [32] Salinger was impressed with Hemingway's friendliness and modesty, finding him more "soft" than his gruff public persona. [33] Salinger added that he was working on a play about Holden Caulfield, the protagonist of his story "Slight Rebellion off Madison," and hoped to play the part himself. "[48] Though Salinger sold his story with the hope—in the words of his agent Dorothy Olding—that it "would make a good movie,"[49] the film version of "Wiggily" was lambasted by critics upon its release in 1949. Salinger, por otra parte, anticipa en ellos las nuevas maneras de contar que se manifestarían en las generaciones subsiguientes. Not proving to be a good student, Salinger was sent to Valley Forge Military Academy in Wayne, Pennsylvania after failing at the McBurney School in New York. [16] Salinger was the literary editor of the class yearbook, Crossed Sabres. Yayımlanmış ve derlenmiş öyküler [değiştir | kaynağı değiştir] Git Eddie'yi Gör (1940, derleme: Fiction: Form & Experience , ed. With his landmark novel 'Catcher in the Rye,' J.D. It was originally intended for adults, but is often read by adolescents for its themes of angst and alienation, and as a critique on superficiality in society. [66], Mark David Chapman, who shot singer-songwriter John Lennon in December 1980, was obsessed with Catcher In the Rye. JD Salinger Books Salinger has written numerous interesting and popular stories, the most popular one being his novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye (1951)’. Jerome David Salinger werd geboren in 1919 in New York City. His first new work in six years, the novella took up most of the June 19, 1965, issue of The New Yorker, and was universally panned by critics. It took the standards of The New Yorker editors, among them William Shawn, to refine his writing into the "spare, teasingly mysterious, withheld" qualities of "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" (1948), The Catcher in the Rye, and his stories of the early 1950s. Né d’un père juif et d’une mère catholique irlandaise, il est plutôt mauvais élève. He had one elder sister called Doris. Biografia of Salinger, J.D. Salinger. November 9, 2010. [10] Salinger did not learn that his mother was not of Jewish ancestry until just after he celebrated his bar mitzvah. Amiri Baraka is an African American poet, activist and scholar. It was the first time he had heard from her since the breakup, but as Margaret put it, "when he was finished with a person, he was through with them. Salinger earned the rank of Staff Sergeant[35] and served in five campaigns. "[135], Salinger's writing has influenced several prominent writers, prompting Harold Brodkey (himself an O. Henry Award-winning author) to state in 1991: "His is the most influential body of work in English prose by anyone since Hemingway. Six years later, Salinger found himself in another relationship, this time with a college freshman named Joyce Maynard, whose story, "An 18-Year-Old Looks Back on Life" had appeared in The New York Times Magazine and caught the interest of the older writer. Web. EBSCO Publishing Service Selection Page. The Catcher in the Rye, 1951) și firea solitară.Ultima sa lucrare publicată a fost scrisă în anul 1965, iar în 1980, autorul a acordat ultimul său interviu New book and film puts reclusive author where he loathed to be: in the public eye. Biographie. [28] When Japan carried out the attack on Pearl Harbor that month, the story was rendered "unpublishable." New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1951. hi Print. Although Salinger tried to escape public exposure as much as possible, he struggled with unwanted attention from the media and the public. Certain elements of the story "Franny," published in January 1955, are based on his relationship with Claire, including her ownership of the book The Way of the Pilgrim. The two married but their union was a short one, just eight months long. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Photograph by Antony Di Gesu/San Diego Historical Society/Hulton Archive/Getty. Né d’un père juif et d’une mère catholique irlandaise, il est plutôt mauvais élève. J.D. Jerome David „J.D.” Salinger (n.1 ianuarie 1919, Manhattan, New York — d. 27 ianuarie 2010, Cornish, New Hampshire) a fost un scriitor american, cunoscut mai ales pentru romanul său De veghe în lanul de secară (en. Salinger's depiction of adolescent alienation and loss of innocence in the protagonist Holden Caulfield was influential, especially among adolescent readers. Salinger did not escape the war without some trauma, and when it ended he was hospitalized after suffering a nervous breakdown. An unintended consequence of the lawsuit was that many details of Salinger's private life, including that he had spent the last twenty years writing, in his words, "Just a work of fiction ... That's all" became public in the form of court transcripts. [125] District court judge Deborah A. Batts issued an injunction which prevented the book from being published within the U.S.[126][127] The book's author filed an appeal on July 23, 2009; it was heard in the Second Circuit Court of Appeals on September 3, 2009. [67][68], In the wake of its 1950s success, Salinger received (and rejected) numerous offers to adapt The Catcher in the Rye for the screen, including one from Samuel Goldwyn. Web. Blackstock, Alan. – Cornish, New Hampshire, 2010. január 27.) [61] The novel was a popular success; within two months of its publication, The Catcher in the Rye had been reprinted eight times. Cependant il se fait remarquer par un professeur, éditeur de Story Magazine, et y publie sa première nouvelle dès 1940. [65] The book remains widely read; in 2004, the novel was selling about 250,000 copies per year, "with total worldwide sales over 10 million copies". Updated January 23, 2020 J. D. Salinger (January 1, 1919–January 27, 2010) was an American author mostly known for his seminal teenage-angst novel The Catcher in the Rye and numerous short stories. Salinger was the youngest of two children born to Sol Salinger, the son of a rabbi who ran a thriving cheese and ham import business, and Miriam, Sol's Scottish-born wife. [139][140], In a contributor's note Salinger gave to Harper's Magazine in 1946, he wrote: "I almost always write about very young people," a statement that has been referred to as his credo. Two collections of his work, Franny and Zooey and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters—all of which had appeared previously in The New Yorker—were published in book form in the early 1960s. [27], The same year, Salinger began submitting short stories to The New Yorker. [56] The book is more notable for the persona and testimonial voice of its first-person narrator, Holden. Fils d’un père juif d'origine lituanienne et d’une mère catholique d'origines allemande et irlandaise (bien qu’il ait cru, jusqu'au moment de sa Bar Mitzvah, que sa mère était également juive), Jerome David Salinger est né à Manhattan ().Il a une sœur aînée, Doris, née en 1911. Januar 1919 in New York; 27. "J.D. [26] In late 1941, Salinger briefly worked on a Caribbean cruise ship, serving as an activity director and possibly as a performer. But Salinger, who spent the bulk of his five months overseas in Vienna, paid closer attention to language than business. Born: January 1, 1919New York, New YorkAmerican writer. Celebrated American author Herman Melville wrote 'Moby-Dick' and several other sea-adventure novels before turning to poetry later in his literary career. Manche Kritiker gingen so weit, die Jahre 1948 bis 1959 in den USA als »Ära Salinger« zu bezeichnen. [112] O'Neill, forty years his junior, once told Margaret Salinger that she and Salinger were trying to have a child. Pasadena, Ca: Salem Press. Salinger's intense reclusive nature (combined with his mysterious lifestyle) made him a strange and sought-after writer. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, Salinger was drafted into the army, serving from 1942-44. 15 Revelations from New J.D. (2006) "J.D. Despite Salinger's best efforts, not all of his life remained private. Salinger's Unpublished Works Will Be Released to the Public Over the Next Decade", "Interview with Stephen Chbosky, author of The Perks of Being a Wallflower", "Creative writing program produces aspiring writers", "Sufism: 'a natural antidote to fanaticism, "W.P. Musician Tomas Kalnoky of Streetlight Manifesto also cites Salinger as an influence, referencing him and Holden Caulfield, the main character of Catcher in the Rye, in the song "Here's To Life". ", CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Mondloch, Helen. Salinger by Michael Greenberg from The New York Review of Books Essay on Salinger's life from Haaretz Inspires the pursuit of voice. "[2] The two writers began corresponding; Salinger wrote to Hemingway in July 1946 explaining that their talks were among his few positive memories of the war. Salinger, född 1 januari 1919 på Manhattan i New York, död 27 januari 2010 i Cornish i New Hampshire, var en amerikansk författare.. Han är mest känd för sin romandebut Räddaren i nöden (The Catcher in the Rye) från 1951.Boken säljs fortfarande i betydande upplagor och betraktas som en milstolpe i 1900-talslitteraturen. She then changed her name to Miriam. "[94], On September 15, 1961, Time magazine devoted its cover to Salinger. He also continued to submit stories to The New Yorker, but with little success; it rejected all of his submissions from 1944 to 1946, including a group of 15 poems in 1945 alone. [138] His third wife and widow, Colleen O'Neill Zakrzeski Salinger, and Salinger's son Matt became the executors of his estate. Adam Gopnik , a staff writer, has been contributing to The New Yorker since 1986. [93], Salinger published Franny and Zooey in 1961, and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction in 1963. J.D. "The Significance of Holden Caulfield's Testimony." J. D. Salinger ([ˈsælɪndʒər]), all'anagrafe Jerome David Salinger (New York, 1º gennaio 1919 – Cornish, 27 gennaio 2010) è stato uno scrittore statunitense. [91] The infant Margaret was sick much of the time, but Salinger, having embraced the tenets of Christian Science, refused to take her to a doctor. Cummings was a 20th-century poet and novelist known for his innovations in style and structure. [64] According to one angry parent's tabulation, 237 instances of "goddamn," 58 uses of "bastard," 31 "Chrissakes," and one incident of flatulence constituted what was wrong with Salinger's book. [8] He "showed an innate talent for drama," though his father opposed the idea of his becoming an actor. Finally, in 1951, The Catcher in the Rye was published. Ralph Ellison was a 20th century African American writer and scholar best known for his renowned, award-winning novel 'Invisible Man.'. [27] He was present at Utah Beach on D-Day, in the Battle of the Bulge, and the Battle of Hürtgen Forest. D.» Salinger (født 1. januar 1919, død 27. januar 2010) var en amerikansk forfatter, best kjent for sin roman fra 1951, The Catcher in the Rye, foruten også at han levde et meget tilbaketrukket liv. J.D. A 1979 study of censorship noted that The Catcher in the Rye "had the dubious distinction of being at once the most frequently censored book across the nation and the second-most frequently taught novel in public high schools" (after John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men). In 1948, his critically acclaimed story "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" appeared in The New Yorker, which became home to much of his later work. Get free homework help on J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye: book summary, chapter summary and analysis, quotes, essays, and character analysis courtesy of CliffsNotes. Welcome to Salinger.Org! [106] In a separate account, emphasis is placed on her contact by letter writing from the local Post Office, and Salinger's personal initiative to cross the bridge to meet with the woman, who in the course of the interview made clear she was a reporter (and who did indeed, at the close, take pictures of Salinger as he departed). [5], Salinger's mother, Marie (née Jillich), was born in Atlantic, Iowa, of German, Irish, and Scottish descent,[6][7][8] "but changed her first name to Miriam to appease her in-laws"[9] and considered herself Jewish after marrying Salinger's father. [25] Their relationship ended when Oona began seeing Charlie Chaplin, whom she eventually married. Maynard, at this time, was already an experienced writer for Seventeen magazine. The success of The Catcher in the Rye led to public attention and scrutiny. [54] The novel's plot is simple,[55] detailing 16-year-old Holden's experiences in New York City following his expulsion and departure from an elite college preparatory school. A federal court once banned the late Ian Hamilton’s biography of Salinger, which prompted him to write In Search of JD Salinger, a book about his thwarted attempt to write Salinger’s life story. By any reckoning of sales, critical respect, or cultural influence, J.D. [84] He also began to publish with less frequency. [28] In the spring of 1942, several months after the United States entered World War II, Salinger was drafted into the army, wherein he saw combat with the 12th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division. I love Kafka, Flaubert, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Dostoevsky, Proust, O'Casey, Rilke, Lorca, Keats, Rimbaud, Burns, E. Brontë, Jane Austen, Henry James, Blake, Coleridge. [17][18] He graduated in 1936. "Squalor and Redemption: The Age of Salinger,", Beam, A. Not only was he expelled from his current school, he had also been expelled from three previous schools. They had two children, Margaret (also known as Peggy – born December 10, 1955) and Matthew (born February 13, 1960). Afterward, Salinger struggled with unwanted attention, including a legal battle in the 1980s with biographer Ian Hamilton and the release in the late 1990s of memoirs written by two people close to him: Joyce Maynard, an ex-lover; and Margaret Salinger, his daughter. Salinger, J.D. Maynard wrote that "he loves movies, not films",[134] and Margaret Salinger argued that her father's "worldview is, essentially, a product of the movies of his day. Salinger, Failed Recluse", in, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction, Columbia University School of General Studies, A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius, A Young Girl in 1941 with No Waist at All, "JD Salinger | Timeline of Major Events | American Masters | PBS", "Excerpt – J. D. Salinger – By Kenneth Slawenski", "J. D. Salinger, Literary Recluse, Dies at 91", "Hemingway and the creation of twentieth-century dialogue – American author Ernest Hemingway", "Why More Top Novelists Don't Go Hollywood", "Depositions Yield J. D. Salinger Details", "J.D. Salinger identified closely with his characters,[103] and used techniques such as interior monologue, letters, and extended telephone calls to display his gift for dialogue.

Best known for his controversial novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951), Salinger is recognized by critics and readers alike as one of the most popular and influential authors of American fiction to emerge after World War II. [151] Yates describes Salinger as "a man who used language as if it were pure energy beautifully controlled, and who knew exactly what he was doing in every silence as well as in every word." "[88] Claire believed "it was to cover the fact that Jerry had just destroyed or junked or couldn't face the quality of, or couldn't face publishing, what he had created. Salinger became reclusive, publishing new work less frequently. I won't name any living writers. [50] Since its publication, there has been sustained interest in the novel among filmmakers, with Billy Wilder,[69] Harvey Weinstein, and Steven Spielberg[70] among those seeking to secure the rights. Hathcock, Barrett. He was grown up in the fashionable apartment district of Manhattan, New York. In 1966, Claire Douglas sued for divorce, reporting that if the relationship continued it "would seriously injure her health and endanger her reason.". [11] He had only one sibling, an older sister, Doris (1912–2001). Shane Salerno and David Shields published a biography of the famed writer entitled Salinger. The letters fetched $156,500. Jerome David Salinger (January 1, 1919 – January 27, 2010), better known as J. D. Salinger, was an American writer of (partly) Jewish descent. "[39] In recent years, some critics have defended certain post-Nine Stories works by Salinger; in 2001, Janet Malcolm wrote in The New York Review of Books that "Zooey" "is arguably Salinger's masterpiece ... Rereading it and its companion piece "Franny" is no less rewarding than rereading The Great Gatsby. [48] According to Ian Hamilton, Salinger was disappointed when "rumblings from Hollywood" over his 1943 short story "The Varioni Brothers" came to nothing. J. D. Salinger Biography. "[52], In the 1940s, Salinger confided to several people that he was working on a novel featuring Holden Caulfield, the teenage protagonist of his short story "Slight Rebellion off Madison,"[53] and The Catcher in the Rye was published on July 16, 1951, by Little, Brown and Company. [85] After their marriage, Salinger and Claire were initiated into the path of Kriya yoga in a small store-front Hindu temple in Washington, D.C., during the summer of 1955. "J. D. Salinger". Burnett, sensing Salinger's talent as a writer, pushed him to create more often and soon Salinger's work was appearing not just in Story, but in other big-name publications such as Collier's and the Saturday Evening Post. Fue hijo de Solomon Salinger, director de J.S. [15] His parents then enrolled him at Valley Forge Military Academy in Wayne, Pennsylvania. Jerome David Salinger (January 1, 1919 – January 27, 2010), better known as J. D. Salinger, was an American writer of (partly) Jewish descent. (1919-2010) J.D. Your voice. Salinger es el hijo de un padre judío y de una madre cristiana. Salinger – Hartog Letters, University of East Anglia,, 20th-century American short story writers, American people of Lithuanian-Jewish descent, Columbia University School of General Studies alumni, People with post-traumatic stress disorder, Valley Forge Military Academy and College alumni, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2014, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Raise High the Roof-Beam, Carpenters" (1955), Salinger's name is mentioned in the title for, Salinger appears as a character (voiced by, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 23:19. "[77], In 1953, Salinger published a collection of seven stories from The New Yorker ("Bananafish" among them), as well as two that the magazine had rejected. [47], In the early 1940s, Salinger had confided in a letter to Whit Burnett that he was eager to sell the film rights to some of his stories in order to achieve financial security. He has a sister, Margaret Salinger. Biographie : J. D. Salinger, de son nom complet Jerome David Salinger, est un écrivain américain. Salinger nació en la ciudad de Nueva York en el primer día de 1919. The fact that little was known about Colting and the book was set to be published by a new publishing imprint called 'Windupbird Publishing' gave rise to speculation in literary circles that the whole thing might be a hoax. To the dismay of many anxious readers, "Hapworth" was the last Salinger piece ever to be published while he was still alive. [43] Titled The Young Folks, the collection was to consist of twenty stories—ten, like the title story and "Slight Rebellion off Madison," were already in print; ten were previously unpublished. Directed by Shane Salerno. In his childhood the young Jerome David Salinger was called Sonny. We welcome readers and lovers of words, and encourage you to seek out the works of J. D. Salinger, including those that are harder to locate. This article is more than 6 years old. [107] A further account of the interview published later in The Paris Review, purportedly by Eppes as author, has been disowned by Eppes and separately ascribed as a derived work of Review Editor George Plimpton.[108][109][110][111]. Sein 1951 veröffentlichter… There, Salinger did his best to cut-off contact with the public and significantly slowed his literary output. After briefly attending New York and Columbia Universities, Salinger concentrated on writing. [47] Salinger eventually published seven stories about the Glasses, developing a detailed family history and focusing particularly on Seymour, the brilliant but troubled eldest child. Salinger avrebbe dato disposizione testamentaria che il materiale inedito venisse pubblicato 50 anni dopo la sua morte, quindi nel 2060.

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