Dez 182020
 

", | Where we are | publisher oecd.org | accessed on 30 August 2016, "La Défense, Europe's largest business district", "Île-de-France Region – Complete dossier", "EMP2 – Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d'activité économique – Région d'Île-de-France (11)", "En Île-de-France, 39 poles d'emploi structurent l'economie régionale", "L'Île-de-France, une des régions les plus riches d'Europe", "Estimation de population au 1er janvier, par région, sexe et grande classe d'âge", "Produits Intérieurs Bruts Régionaux (PIBR) en valeur en millions d'euros", "L'Industrie en Île-de-France, Principaux Indicateurs Régionaux", "Classement.Singapour, Hong Kong, Paris : le trio des villes les plus chères du monde", "Station F, the world's largest startup campus opens in Paris", "Département de Paris (75056) – Dossier complet", "Île-de-France – A la Page Nº288 – INSEE 2007", "Emplois au lieu de travail – Département de Paris (75)", "EMP2 – Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d'activité économique – Département de la Seine-Saint-Denis (93)", "EMP2 – Emplois au lieu de travail par sexe, statut et secteur d'activité économique – Département des Hauts-de-Seine (92)", "Arrondissement municipal de Paris 19e Arrondissement (75119)", "Arrondissement municipal de Paris 7e Arrondissement (75107)", "Structure et distribution des revenus, inégalité des niveaux de vie en 2013", "Neighborhoods of Paris with more than 40 percent living below poverty line", "The World's Most-Visited City Is Bangkok", "Saint-Denis Basilica, royal necropolis of France", "Global ranking of manufacturers of luxury goods", "Indicateurs départementaux et régionaux sur les diplômes et la formation en 2009", "At These Parisian Landmarks, Shhh Is the Word", "Métro2030, notre nouveau métro de Paris", "Bulletin statistique, trafic aérien commercial – année 2014", "Histoire d'Aéroports de Paris de 1945 à 1981", "Air passenger transport between the main airports of France and their main partner airports (routes data)", "International intra-EU air passenger transport by main airports in each reporting country and EU partner country", "International extra-EU air passenger transport by main airports in each reporting country and partner world regions and countries", "Paris to be heated with US wood pellets", "Les célébrités du cimetière du Père Lachaise à Paris", "Roma – Relazioni Internazionali Bilaterali", "Hey, is San Francisco Really a "Sister City" of Paris, France? Several other much-visited landmarks are located in the suburbs of the city; the Basilica of St Denis, in Seine-Saint-Denis, is the birthplace of the Gothic style of architecture and the royal necropolis of French kings and queens. A list of the major French cities and towns, click on the city name for more information with links to information about the city's region or department. E-mail: consular.paris@dfat.gov.au. It received 1.1 million visitors in 2018.[230]. The Fourth Republic was born on Dec. 24, 1946. The anti-independence Organisation armée secrète (OAS), for their part, carried out a series of bombings in Paris throughout 1961 and 1962. [81], In the early 21st century, the population of Paris began to increase slowly again, as more young people moved into the city. Orly Airport, located in the southern suburbs of Paris, replaced Le Bourget as the principal airport of Paris from the 1950s to the 1980s. [104] In winter, sunshine is scarce; days are cool, and nights are cold but generally above freezing with low temperatures around 3 °C (37 °F). Paris (Paris, Paris, France) with population statistics, charts, map, location, weather and web information. Gare du Nord Welcome Desk Inside Gare du Nord station, under the glass roof of the Île-de-France departure and arrival area (eastern end of station). 11:05 Paris UT+2, 95% The Café Procope on the Left Bank dates from this period. France also shares maritime borders with UK in the north. Real bistros are increasingly rare in Paris, due to rising costs, competition from cheaper ethnic restaurants, and different eating habits of Parisian diners. A half dozen music halls exist today in Paris, attended mostly by visitors to the city.[235]. [223] Georges Bizet's Carmen premiered 3 March 1875. Together these three airports recorded traffic of 96.5 million passengers in 2014. Carmen has since become one of the most popular and frequently-performed operas in the classical canon. Call Now +61 292 474 233. The number of city employees increased from 40,000 in 2001 to 55,000 in 2018. [41][42] The conflicts ended when pretender to the throne Henry IV, after converting to Catholicism to gain entry to the capital, entered the city in 1594 to claim the crown of France. The Louvre received 9.6 million visitors in 2019, ranking it the most visited museum in the world. [316] Since 1977, the city has created 166 new parks, most notably the Parc de la Villette (1987), Parc André Citroën (1992), Parc de Bercy (1997) and Parc Clichy-Batignolles (2007). The company paid the city government 7.3 million euros in 2016. [145] The total number of residences in the City of Paris in 2011 was 1,356,074, up from a former high of 1,334,815 in 2006. The 19th century produced the neoclassical church of La Madeleine (1808–1842), the Palais Garnier serving as an opera house (1875), the neo-Byzantine Basilica of Sacré-Cœur (1875–1919), as well as the exuberant Belle Époque modernism of the Eiffel Tower (1889). A third one is the 1827 artificially created Île aux Cygnes. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. The Musée de l'Orangerie, near both the Louvre and the Orsay, also exhibits Impressionists and Post-Impressionists, including most of Claude Monet's large Water Lilies murals. The district of the Paris region was renamed "Île-de-France" in 1977, but this abbreviated "Paris region" name is still commonly used today to describe the Île-de-France, and as a vague reference to the entire Paris agglomeration. Its stars in the 1920s included the American singer and dancer Josephine Baker. The Hôtel Ritz on Place Vendôme opened in 1898, followed by the Hôtel Crillon in an 18th-century building on the Place de la Concorde in 1909; the Hotel Bristol on the Rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré in 1925; and the Hotel George V in 1928. In this travel guide, you’ll find out about the city’s top attractions, as well as useful travel advice on how to get to Paris and how to save money whilst traveling. [223] Poster art also became an important art form in Paris in the late nineteenth century, through the work of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Jules Chéret, Eugène Grasset, Adolphe Willette, Pierre Bonnard, Georges de Feure, Henri-Gabriel Ibels, Paul Gavarni and Alphonse Mucha.[223]. The provisional unemployment rate in the whole Paris Region was higher: 8.0 percent, and considerably higher in some suburbs, notably the Department of Seine-Saint-Denis to the east (11.8 percent) and the Val-d'Oise to the north (8.2 percent). [187][188], The Paris Region had 5.4 million salaried employees in 2010, of whom 2.2 million were concentrated in 39 pôles d'emplois or business districts. By 2020 its basic competencies will include urban planning, housing and protection of the environment. It is by far the country’s most important centre of commerce and culture.Area city, 41 square miles (105 square km); metropolitan area, 890 square miles (2,300 square km). Savvy travellers are turning to the expertise of France Tourism more than … [11] Paris is especially known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the Louvre was the most visited art museum in the world in 2019, with 9.6 million visitors. [324] Some of the most famous people in the world are buried in Parisian cemeteries, such as Oscar Wilde and Serge Gainsbourg among others. [14] Under French law, renters of these units must pay the Paris tourism tax. The remaining areas are mostly middle-class citizenry dotted with islands of fortuned populations located there due to reasons of historical importance, namely Saint-Maur-des-Fossés to the east and Enghien-les-Bains to the north of Paris. There are also many business schools, including HEC, INSEAD, ESSEC, and ESCP Europe. Website: france.embassy.gov.au. [133] The Constitutional Council, an advisory body with ultimate authority on the constitutionality of laws and government decrees, also meets in the Montpensier wing of the Palais Royal.[134]. Discover online now. Noted as the world's largest startup facility. [69], On 14 June 1940, the German army marched into Paris, which had been declared an "open city". [306] From 1857, the civil engineer Eugène Belgrand, under Napoleon III, oversaw the construction of a series of new aqueducts that brought water from locations all around the city to several reservoirs built atop the Capital's highest points of elevation. Its distribution varies widely throughout the city, from 2.6 percent of the housing in the wealthy 7th arrondissement, to 24 percent in the 20th arrondissement, 26 percent in the 14th arrondissement and 39.9 percent in the 19th arrondissement, on the poorer southwest and northern edges of the city. 75015 Paris, France. More info: Coronavirus: hygiene measures and recommended precautions. Learn more about it. [161] Despite the drop, Paris remains the most densely-populated city in Europe, with 252 residents per hectare, not counting parks. [37][33], With 200,000 inhabitants in 1328, Paris, then already the capital of France, was the most populous city of Europe. [1] The Paris Region had a GDP of €709 billion ($808 billion) in 2017. [100], Paris has a typical Western European oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb), which is affected by the North Atlantic Current. [223] The work of Étienne-Jules Marey in the 1880s contributed considerably to the development of modern photography. Small Paris bookstores are protected against competition from discount booksellers by French law; books, even e-books, cannot be discounted more than five percent below their publisher's cover price.[242]. Most French rulers since the Middle Ages made a point of leaving their mark on a city that, contrary to many other of the world's capitals, has never been destroyed by catastrophe or war. Snow falls every year, but rarely stays on the ground. [335], Since 9 April 1956, Paris is exclusively and reciprocally twinned only with:[336][337], Paris has agreements of friendship and co-operation with:[336], This article is about the capital of France. The upper house, the Senate, meets in the Palais du Luxembourg in the 6th arrondissement, while the more important lower house, the Assemblée Nationale, meets in the Palais Bourbon in the 7th arrondissement. [28], By the end of the Western Roman Empire, the town was known as Parisius, a Latin name that would later become Paris in French. In 1911, the dance hall Olympia Paris invented the grand staircase as a settling for its shows, competing with its great rival, the Folies Bergère. The overall climate throughout the year is mild and moderately wet. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Paris, France on Tripadvisor: See 4,654,324 traveller reviews and photos of Paris tourist attractions. Beginning with the Paris Exposition of 1867; it became a popular kind of restaurant which featured beer and other beverages served by young women in the national costume associated with the beverage, particular German costumes for beer. [33] The Palais de la Cité, the royal residence, was located at the western end of the Île de la Cité. This problem was 'resolved' when its parent "District de la région parisienne" ('district of the Paris region') was reorganised into several new departments from 1968: Paris became a department in itself, and the administration of its suburbs was divided between the three new departments surrounding it. Parisian and Italian musicians who played the accordion adopted the style and established themselves in Auvergnat bars especially in the 19th arrondissement,[247] and the romantic sounds of the accordion has since become one of the musical icons of the city. It supervises the units of the National Police who patrol the city and the three neighbouring departments. [148], On the night of 8–9 February 2019, during a period of cold weather, a Paris NGO conducted its annual citywide count of homeless persons. Bertrand Delanoë also transformed a section of the highway along the Left Bank of the Seine into an urban promenade and park, the Promenade des Berges de la Seine, which he inaugurated in June 2013. One of the most beautiful cities in the world. [50], In the summer of 1789, Paris became the centre stage for the French Revolution. [159][clarification needed], In 2012, there were 8,810 British citizens and 10,019 United States citizens living in the City of Paris (Ville de Paris) and 20,466 British citizens and 16,408 United States citizens living in the entire Paris Region (Île-de-France).[174][175]. [46], Paris grew in population from about 400,000 in 1640 to 650,000 in 1780. [212], The city's top cultural attraction in 2019 was the Basilica of Sacré-Cœur (11 million visitors), followed by the Louvre (9.6 million visitors); the Eiffel Tower (6.1 million visitors); the Centre Pompidou (3.5 million visitors); and the Musée d'Orsay (3.3 million visitors). 126-127, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBlackmoreMcConnachie2004 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFCastells1983 (, "Paris perd ses habitants, la faute à la démographie et aux... meublés touristiques pour la Ville.". and partly to the possible loss of housing in the city due to short-term rentals for tourism. [68], In the years after the peace conference, the city was also home to growing numbers of students and activists from French colonies and other Asian and African countries, who later became leaders of their countries, such as Ho Chi Minh, Zhou Enlai and Léopold Sédar Senghor. On 17 October 1961, an unauthorised but peaceful protest demonstration of Algerians against the curfew led to violent confrontations between the police and demonstrators, in which at least 40 people were killed, including some thrown into the Seine. Introduction. The Forney Library, in the Marais district, is dedicated to the decorative arts; the Arsenal Library occupies a former military building, and has a large collection on French literature; and the Bibliothèque historique de la ville de Paris, also in Le Marais, contains the Paris historical research service. [194] In 2011, while only 56,927 construction workers worked in Paris itself,[200] its metropolitan area employed 246,639,[198] in an activity centred largely on the Seine-Saint-Denis (41,378)[201] and Hauts-de-Seine (37,303)[202] departments and the new business-park centres appearing there. [78] The population of Paris dropped from 2,850,000 in 1954 to 2,152,000 in 1990, as middle-class families moved to the suburbs. The most prestigious names of French and foreign sculptors, who made their reputation in Paris in the modern era, are Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi (Statue of Liberty – Liberty Enlightening the World), Auguste Rodin, Camille Claudel, Antoine Bourdelle, Paul Landowski (statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro) and Aristide Maillol. The rivers Loire, Rhine, Rhone, Meuse, and Scheldt can be reached by canals connecting with the Seine, which include the Canal Saint-Martin, Canal Saint-Denis, and the Canal de l'Ourcq.[301]. The Paris Region is France's leading region for economic activity, with a GDP of €681 billion (~US$850 billion) and €56,000 (~US$70,000) per capita. [304] A quarter of the city's district heating is to come from a plant in Saint-Ouen-sur-Seine, burning a 50/50-mix of coal and 140,000 tonnes of wood pellets from the United States per year.[305]. The first railway line to Paris opened in 1837, beginning a new period of massive migration from the provinces to the city. [16][17] According to Xavier Delamarre, it may derive from the root pario- ('cauldron'). Several foreign-born composers, such as Frédéric Chopin (Poland), Franz Liszt (Hungary), Jacques Offenbach (Germany), Niccolò Paganini (Italy), and Igor Stravinsky (Russia), established themselves or made significant contributions both with their works and their influence in Paris. Paris. [214] The Paris region hosts three other UNESCO Heritage sites: the Palace of Versailles in the west,[215] the Palace of Fontainebleau in the south,[216] and the medieval fairs site of Provins in the east. [121][123] The first president of the metropolitan council, Patrick Ollier, a Republican and the mayor of the town of Rueil-Malmaison, was elected on 22 January 2016. Fortification of the Île de la Cité failed to avert sacking by Vikings in 845, but Paris' strategic importance—with its bridges preventing ships from passing—was established by successful defence in the Siege of Paris (885–86), for which the then Count of Paris (comte de Paris), Odo of France, was elected king of West Francia. [8][9] Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily;[10] it is the second busiest metro system in Europe after the Moscow Metro. The regional capitals of France. [79] A suburban railway network, the RER (Réseau Express Régional), was built to complement the Métro, and the Périphérique expressway encircling the city, was completed in 1973. Since the inauguration of its first line in 1900, Paris's Métro network has grown to become the city's most widely used local transport system; today it carries about 5.23 million passengers daily[290] through 16 lines, 303 stations (385 stops) and 220 km (136.7 mi) of rails. [326] It is the largest hospital system in Europe. Wednesday 16 December 2020 Its capital is Paris, one of the most important cultural and commercial centers in the world. [55] Napoleon Bonaparte replaced the elected government of Paris with a prefect reporting only to him. [255], The movie industry was born in Paris when Auguste and Louis Lumière projected the first motion picture for a paying audience at the Grand Café on 28 December 1895. However the city is known for intermittent abrupt heavy showers. All radio streams and radio stations at one glance. Some of the finest manouche musicians in the world are found here playing the cafés of the city at night. [210], Greater Paris, comprising Paris and its three surrounding departments, received 38 million visitors in 2019, a record, measured by hotel arrivals. [226][227] Numerous photographers achieved renown for their photography of Paris, including Eugène Atget, noted for his depictions of street scenes, Robert Doisneau, noted for his playful pictures of people and market scenes (among which Le baiser de l'hôtel de ville has become iconic of the romantic vision of Paris), Marcel Bovis, noted for his night scenes, as well as others such as Jacques-Henri Lartigue and Henri Cartier-Bresson. [252] On 19 December 2015, Paris and other worldwide fans commemorated the 100th anniversary of the birth of Edith Piaf—a cabaret singer-songwriter and actress who became widely regarded as France's national chanteuse, as well as being one of France's greatest international stars. In 2010, it was the workplace of 144,600 employees, of whom 38 percent worked in finance and insurance, 16 percent in business support services. Let us create a wonderfully unique French holiday experience specially customised to your needs. [228] It is famous for its dinosaur artefacts, mineral collections and its Gallery of Evolution. Paris offers a bike sharing system called Vélib' with more than 20,000 public bicycles distributed at 1,800 parking stations,[303] which can be rented for short and medium distances including one way trips. New suburban cemeteries were created in the early 20th century: The largest of these are the Cimetière parisien de Saint-Ouen, the Cimetière parisien de Pantin (also known as Cimetière parisien de Pantin-Bobigny), the Cimetière parisien d'Ivry, and the Cimetière parisien de Bagneux. They also built the major parks around the city centre. Bastille Day, a celebration of the storming of the Bastille in 1789, the biggest festival in the city, is a military parade taking place every year on 14 July on the Champs-Élysées, from the Arc de Triomphe to Place de la Concorde. No first trip to Paris is complete without a visit to … Getting Around: The easiest way to get around in Paris is by using the underground Metro system. The inventor Nicéphore Niépce produced the first permanent photograph on a polished pewter plate in Paris in 1825. [217] In the Paris region, Disneyland Paris, in Marne-la-Vallée, 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of the centre of Paris, received 9.66 million visitors in 2017. In modernising its infrastructure through the centuries, Paris has preserved even its earliest history in its street map. In 1839, after the death of Niépce, Louis Daguerre patented the Daguerrotype, which became the most common form of photography until the 1860s. The southern Essonne department specialises in science and technology,[194] and the south-eastern Val-de-Marne, with its wholesale Rungis food market, specialises in food processing and beverages. The oldest and most famous Paris theatre is the Comédie-Française, founded in 1680. [267] A brasserie originally was a tavern located next to a brewery, which served beer and food at any hour. The river's mouth on the English Channel (La Manche) is about 233 mi (375 km) downstream from the city. [91], On 3 February 2017, a two-backpack-carrying, machete-wielding attacker shouting "Allahu Akbar" attacked soldiers guarding the Louvre museum after they stopped him because of his bags; the assailant was shot, and no explosives were found. Paris occupies a central position in the rich agricultural region known as the Paris Basin, and it constitutes one of eight départements of the Île-de-France administrative region. [279] There are three public libraries in the 4th arrondissement. [95], Paris is located in northern central France, in a north-bending arc of the river Seine whose crest includes two islands, the Île Saint-Louis and the larger Île de la Cité, which form the oldest part of the city. In 2018, of the 27 Michelin three-star restaurants in France, ten are located in Paris. Paris facts and information. In addition, the Paris region is served by a light rail network of nine lines, the tramway: Line T1 runs from Asnières-Gennevilliers to Noisy-le-Sec, Line T2 runs from Pont de Bezons to Porte de Versailles, Line T3a runs from Pont du Garigliano to Porte de Vincennes, Line T3b runs from Porte de Vincennes to Porte d'Asnières, Line T5 runs from Saint-Denis to Garges-Sarcelles, Line T6 runs from Châtillon to Viroflay, Line T7 runs from Villejuif to Athis-Mons, Line T8 runs from Saint-Denis to Épinay-sur-Seine and Villetaneuse, all of which are operated by the RATP Group,[292] and line T4 runs from Bondy RER to Aulnay-sous-Bois, which is operated by the state rail carrier SNCF. Facts for kids. [199] Paris' department store district in the 1st, 6th, 8th and 9th arrondissements employ ten percent of mostly female Paris workers, with 100,000 of these registered in the retail trade. The basketball team Levallois Metropolitans plays some of its games at the 4,000 capacity Stade Pierre de Coubertin. Now brasseries, like cafés, serve food and drinks throughout the day.[268]. The Socialists had governed the region for seventeen years. The city sometimes sees light snow or flurries with or without accumulation. [14] Paris has long been famous for its grand hotels. [127][128] Government ministries are located in various parts of the city; many are located in the 7th arrondissement, near the Matignon. In 1982, Mayor Chirac introduced the motorcycle-mounted Motocrotte to remove dog faeces from Paris streets. In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes forest parks were officially annexed to the city, bringing its area to about 105 km2 (41 sq mi). [248][249] Several yearly festivals take place in Paris, including the Paris Jazz Festival and the rock festival Rock en Seine. Check the Embassy website for details about opening hours and any temporary closures. [120], The Métropole du Grand Paris, or simply Grand Paris, formally came into existence on 1 January 2016. Although no longer the capital of France, arts and sciences in the city flourished with the Comédie-Française, the Academy of Painting, and the French Academy of Sciences. Since the 19th century, Paris has been an international fashion capital, particularly in the domain of haute couture (clothing hand-made to order for private clients). And every stone tells us about art, from the centuries-old Louvre Museum to the futuristic Louis Vuitton Foundation. Historically and culturally among the most important nations in the Western world, France has also played a highly significant role in international affairs for centuries. The Pompidou Centre Musée National d'Art Moderne has the largest collection of modern and contemporary art in Europe. In the late 16th-century French Wars of Religion, Paris was a stronghold of the Catholic League, the organisers of 24 August 1572 St. Bartholomew's Day massacre in which thousands of French Protestants were killed. No – Was It Before? Paris puts the focus on photography with exhibitions, talks, shows, photo walks and more! [124], The Region of Île de France, including Paris and its surrounding communities, is governed by the Regional Council, which has its headquarters in the 7th arrondissement of Paris. Paris Aéroport (Paris Airports) is the airport authority that owns and manages the fourteen civil airports and airfields in the Île-de-France (Paris) area. Troubadours, from the south of France, were also popular. [88] On 11 January an estimated 1.5 million people marched in Paris in a show of solidarity against terrorism and in support of freedom of speech. The number of deputy mayors in each arrondissement varies depending upon its population. All the information to visit Paris with a disability. His successor, Napoleon III, and the newly appointed prefect of the Seine, Georges-Eugène Haussmann, launched a gigantic public works project to build wide new boulevards, a new opera house, a central market, new aqueducts, sewers, and parks, including the Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes. [334] Paris also holds the headquarters of the La Poste, France's national postal carrier. [153] Many other suburban residential districts (grands ensembles) were built between the 1960s and 1970s to provide a low-cost solution for a rapidly expanding population:[154] These districts were socially mixed at first,[155] but few residents actually owned their homes (the growing economy made these accessible to the middle classes only from the 1970s).

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